Since settlement in the late 19th century, the principal land use has been grazing - fine wool merino and beef cattle. At the beginning of the 21st century systems of agricultural were slowly becoming more intensive. There are now a number of successful vineyards with others planned; blue gum plantations and one large pine plantation. In addition there are small olive plantations and an organic free range poultry farm. Some residents operate small businesses from their properties, such as metal engineering and IT.
A large proportion of the land has been sub-divided and more than half the population lives or works elsewhere, coming to hobby farms at the weekend. A considerable proportion of the land is also retained as woodland forest.
The main roads are now all sealed. The minor roads are likely to remain gravel for the foreseeable future.
The climate is pleasant in summer and cold in winter, with the occasional snowfall. The rainfall is approximately 900mm per annum (Melbourne city 655mm).
A feature of the area is reliable water from springs, creeks and dams with a good underground supply.
The natural vegetation would be classified as open woodland, remnants of which exist along roadsides, in private property and in the two flora reserves (The Switzerland Flora Reserve and the Caveat Bushland Reserve). The indigenous trees include; Peppermint, Blue Gum, Manna Gum, Swamp Gum, Messmate, Blackwood, Silver and Black wattles. The outcrops of granite boulders make a beautiful landscape, with great views to the lower country.
There are healthy populations of native animals; koala, kangaroos, wallabies, wombats, tuans, sugar gliders and echidnas. Over 120 species of birds have been recorded in the last 35 years. Unfortunately there are also rabbits and foxes, which are targeted for eradication from time to time with the help of the Landcare group.